The Sweetgum tree has several distinguished characteristics such as its straight trunk and star-shaped leaves. The trunk can get up to about 3ft wide and up to 100ft tall. This species can grow quickly which makes it a pioneer species in woods and among stream banks. The leaves are one of the trees most identifiable characteristics. These include the star shape with five lobes attached to a long stalk. The trees do turn red in the fall but are typically green and a mature six inches long. Sweetgums also have a distinct scent when the leaves are crushed. They produce small green clustered flowers along with green spiky fruit that become brown over time. The seeds which protrude from the fruits are spread by the wind. Each fruit can contain up to 50 seeds each! Sweetgums are a great food source for many animals including mice, deer and even the Luna moth.